Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)
Anda, R., Porter, L., Martin, K.June 2016. Self-Healing Communities, A Transformational Process Model for Improving Intergenerational Health. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
Barilla, T., Porter, L., Ridenour, A., Silveanu, S. 2011. Reducing Adverse Childhood Experiences: Collaboration and Innovation in Washington State. Public Policy. 30-32.
Positive Childhood Experiences (PCEs)
1. The ability to talk with family about feelings.
2. The sense that family is supportive during difficult times.
3. The enjoyment of participation in community traditions.
4. Feeling a sense of belonging in high school.
5. Feeling supported by friends.
6. Having at least two non-parent adults who genuinely cared.
7. Feeling safe and protected by an adult in the home.
Bethell, C. D., Gombojav, N., & Whitaker, R. C. (2019). Family resilience and connection promote flourishing among US children, even amid adversity. Health Affairs, 38(5), 729-737.